Patan is now renowned very well as the precious gem capital or textile capital of the homeland since it takes a foremost share in the shining and chopping of precious gems and its industrial development in the area of textiles. But little is renowned about the annals of Patan, which has origins in eighth century. It is one of the most vintage towns of the countries founded in 745 AD, by Vanraj Chavda, the most talked about and the most important monarch of the Chavda dynasty.
At that time there was a contest going on for the throne of north India and the chalukya kings who were to blame for the formation of Patan kingdom along with many other kings like monarchs belonging to Paramaras of Malwa dynasty, Chauhan of Sakambhari dynasty, Chandellas of Kalanjar dynasty and Chandellas of Mahoba dynasty. At that time, the kingdom of Patan has expanded its boundaries enormously between Saurashtra and Kutch in west, Malwa in east, south Rajastan in north and Lata in south. It is approximated by the historian Tertius that the town was tenth largest town in the world.
History Behind the Name Patan
Vanraj Chavda was the one who gave the town its basic form in the name of Anhilpur Patan and it was furthermore called as Anhilwad Patan. It was entitled after the closest friend of the king, Anhil. There are diverse titles according to the history to this city which constitutes Anahipattan, Anahilpur, Anhilwad Pattan, Pattan, Anahilapatak etc. rooting from the identical title Anhil, which shows the esteem of the monarch to his friend.
Greatest Ruler of Patan
There is a legendary article about the monarch Mularaja and his mother Naikidevi. When Muhammad Ghori attempted to conquer the town estimating that the king who was only a boy would not stand a chance against him, the monarch with the guidance of this audacious mother, beaten the invader in a fierce assault assaultd at Kayadra, a place near Mount Abu and the invader, who did get away miraculously, did not even try to afresh look at the country in his whole life. He rather than chose another boundary to go in India.
Fall of Patan City
Qutb-ud-din Aybak conquered he town between 1200 and 1210 and the city was wrecked absolutely by Alladin Khilji in 1298. The old outpost of Patan was nearly decimated completely and the wall between Kalka and Rani ki vav is the only residual part of it.
Monuments Depicting the History of Patan
Rani ki vav is the major historic monument of the city Patan, which is a stair case constructed by ruler Udayamati in the recollection of her husband Bhimdev I. this staircase directs to a well and the way is enclosed with different beautiful and state of the art sculptures. This location takes a large location in the register of the historic monuments established in Patan.
Resurrection of Patan City
The town Patan again took birth near the then wrecked Anhilwara. It assisted as the capital of Gujarat Sultanate and the Suba headquarter of the Delhi sultanate and it assisted as the capital until the Sultan, Ahmad Shah moved the capital of Gujarat to Ahmadabad in 1411. These Subas have constructed a fort which has some of the portions and barriers still in good place.
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