During the evolution of Gujarat in 1960, when the High Court ofPatanwas formed, district Mehsana was brought under the jurisdiction of Gujarat High Court. Also, Patan courts were brought under the jurisdiction of Gujarat High Court. Patan was given one senior civil court, civil (J.D.), M.F. Court. All the session cases & appeals etc. involving Patan were held in the Mehsana District and Sessions Court.
Earlier, Government of Gujarat had given Patan a separate police division & separate D.S.P. office. Also, an Assistance Judge was appointed at Patan. Then the assistant judge of Patan was given the powers of additional Sessions judge. Hence, the court of Additional Sessions Judge at Patan was a part of Mehsana District court.
Later in 2002, the Mehsana district was separated into 2 parts which marked the establishment of a separate Patan district.
Functionaries of District Courts in Patan
In India, the District Courts are presided over by a judge. The judge administers the cases coming in the court pertaining to different areas, such as criminal, civil, corporate etc. The district courts are under the administrative and judicial control of High Court of the Gujarat to which thePatanbelongs. Besides Judges, there are lawyers or legal practitioners responsible to come up with different cases before the judges.
Roles and Responsibilities of District and Civil Courts in Patan
District courts or civil courts in India hold the responsibility of maintaining law and order in the districts where they are operational. In India, judiciary is an independent body and no other organ- legislature or executive can interfere in their functioning.
The role of District/Civil Courts in Patan at a glance are:
To look into different matters, such as property disputes, family disputes, criminal cases etc.
Preserving law and order in the district
Carrying out all the legal work, such as getting a license, registering a new property, registering marriage and much more
Giving justice to the people in distress
Being impartial to the cases and putting justice first
The decisions given by District courts in Patan are subject to appellate jurisdiction of the High court of Gujarat.